Tasmania was one of the last regions of Australia to be introduced to domesticated dogs.  Free settlers began arriving in large numbers from 1820, lured by the promise of land grants and free convict labour. Over the summer of 1826–7 clans from the Big River, Oyster Bay and North Midlands nations speared stock-keepers on farms and made it clear that they wanted the settlers and their sheep and cattle to move from their kangaroo hunting grounds. Rural or regional events include Agfest, a three-day agricultural show held at Carrick (just west of Launceston) in early May and NASA supported TastroFest - Tasmania's Astronomy Festival, held early August in Ulverstone (North West Tasmania). Ten clubs take part in the statewide Tasmanian Rugby Competition. Tasmania's insularity was likely detected by Captain Abel Tasman when he charted Tasmania's coast in 1642. It is now believed that the name is more properly applied to Cape Barren Island, which has had an official dual name of "Truwana" since 2014.  At the time of the British occupation and colonisation in 1803, the indigenous population was estimated at between 3,000 and 10,000.  Almost 300 British troops were sent into the Settled Districts, and in November 1828 Arthur declared martial law, giving soldiers the right to shoot on sight any Aboriginal in the Settled Districts. The Sydney to Hobart Yacht Race is an annual event starting in Sydney, NSW, on Boxing Day and finishing in Hobart, Tasmania. Council revenue comes mostly from property taxes and government grants. The Midlands located in the central east, is fairly flat, and is predominantly used for agriculture, although farming activity is scattered throughout the state. This prompted Governor King to send two vessels from Sydney to the island to establish a garrison at Hobart.. Inland areas receive regular freezes throughout the winter months. King Island off the northwestern coast of Tasmania has a reputation for boutique cheeses and dairy products. On 28 April 1996, in the Port Arthur massacre, lone gunman Martin Bryant shot and killed 35 people (including tourists and residents) and injured 21 others. Hobart and South. Tasmania – Hobart in particular – serves as Australia's chief sea link to Antarctica, with the Australian Antarctic Division located in Kingston. The next European to enter the strait was Captain James Cook on HMS Endeavour in April 1770. Rising sea levels cut Tasmania off from mainland Australia about 10,000 years ago and by the time of European contact, the Aboriginal people in Tasmania had nine major nations or ethnic groups. Lennon resigned in 2008 and was succeeded by David Bartlett, who formed a coalition government with the Greens after the 2010 state election resulted in a hung parliament. Spring is generally the windiest time of the year with afternoon sea breezes starting to take effect on the coast. V širšom okolí mesta žije 222 356 obyvateľov (2016), v samotnom Hobarte (City of Hobart) vyše 50 tisíc (2016). Several of Tasmania's largest rivers have been dammed at some point to provide hydroelectricity. The Sydney to Hobart Yacht Race is an annual event starting in Sydney, NSW, on Boxing Day and finishing in Hobart, Tasmania.  Other major employers include Nyrstar, Norske Skog, Grange Resources, Rio Tinto, the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Hobart, and Federal Group. The rapid colonisation transformed traditional kangaroo hunting grounds into farms with grazing livestock as well as fences, hedges and stone walls, while police and military patrols were increased to control the convict farm labourers. The nearest bridge was approximately 20 kilometres (12 mi) to the north, at Bridgewater. Why don't we have more native deciduous trees in Australia? Historian Nicholas Clements has suggested the "voracious appetite" for native women was the most important trigger for the explosion of violence from the late 1820s. , A smaller colony was established at Port Dalrymple on the Tamar River in the island's north in October 1804 and several other convict-based settlements were established, including the particularly harsh penal colonies at Port Arthur in the southeast and Macquarie Harbour on the West Coast. The combination of these different rock types contributes to scenery which is distinct from any other region of the world. Tasmania is represented in the Senate by 12 senators, on an equal basis with all other states. If you are a resident of another country or region, please select the appropriate version of Tripadvisor for your country or region in the drop-down menu. Within 12 months, MONA became Tasmania's top tourism attraction.. The Tasmanian devil became the largest carnivorous marsupial in the world following the extinction of the thylacine in 1936, and is now found in the wild only in Tasmania. By 1824 the colonial population had swelled to 12,600, while the island's sheep population had reached 200,000. Tasmania has a relatively cool temperate climate compared to the rest of Australia with four distinct seasons. Tasmania is also home to one of Australia's leading new music institutions, IHOS Music Theatre and Opera and gospel choirs, the Southern Gospel Choir. In the House of Representatives, Tasmania is entitled to five seats, which is the minimum allocation for a state guaranteed by the Constitution—the number of House of Representatives seats for each state is otherwise decided on the basis of their relative populations, and Tasmania has never qualified for five seats on that basis alone.