, Prior to the German invasion of the Soviet Union, Ukrainian nationalists, specifically the Organization of Ukrainian Nationalists (OUN), had been working with the Germans for some time. New International Encyclopedia, Volume 13. The kingdom was transformed into the Ruthenian domain of the Crown with Lwów as the capital. In the 13th century, the river was used to transport goods. Патриляк. The name of the castle is closely tied to the name of the city. Historic geography of old Polish lands (Województwo Ruskie. Lviv University is one of the oldest in Central Europe and was founded as a Society of Jesus (Jesuit) school in 1608. Year 1890: 127,943 inhabitants (64,102 male, 63,481 female), among them 67,280, Year 1900: 159,877 inhabitants, including the military (10,326 men). In 1842 the Skarbek Theatre was opened making it the third-largest theatre in Central Europe. Skole Beskids. The city of Lviv contains a well-preserved main square (Rynok) and numerous historical and beautiful churches. This is the city of one of the most distinguished sculptors in Europe, Johann Georg Pinzel, whose works can be seen on the façade of the St. George's Cathedral in Lviv and in the Pinzel Museum. 2,300 Ukrainian soldiers from the Ukrainian Sich Riflemen (Sichovi Striltsi), which had previously been a corps in the Austrian Army, took control over Lviv. These research institutes include the Centre of Institute for Space Research; the Institute for Condensed Matter Physics; the Institute of Cell Biology; the National Institute of Strategic Studies; the Institute of Neuro-mathematical Simulation in Power Engineering; and the Institute of Ecology of the Carpathians. In the same year, 1658, Pope Alexander VII declared the city to be Semper fidelis, in recognition of its key role in defending Europe and Roman-Catholicism from Muslim invasion. The public bus network is represented by mini-buses (so-called marshrutka) and large buses mainly LAZ and MAN.  At least two members of the OUN-B, Ivan Kovalyshyn and Mykhaylo Pecharsʹkyy, have been identified by the historian John Paul Himka from photographs of the pogrom. L’vivs’ka oblast’; also referred to as L’vivshchyna, Ukrainian: Львівщина) is an oblast (province) in western Ukraine. On 23 February 1921, the council of the League of Nations declared that Galicia (including the city) lay outside the territory of Poland and that Poland did not have the mandate to establish administrative control in that country, and that Poland was merely the occupying military power of Galicia (as a whole), whose sovereign remained the Allied Powers and fate would be determined by the Council of Ambassadors at the League of Nations. In Yalta, despite Polish objections, the Allied leaders, Joseph Stalin, Franklin D. Roosevelt and Winston Churchill decided that Lviv should remain within the borders of the Soviet Union. After the war, a new Jewish population was formed from among the hundreds of thousands of Russians and Ukrainians that migrated to the city. The price in February 2010 of a one-way single ride in the railbus was 1.50 UAH.