This sedimentary origin explains its gradual slope from north to south; greater rainfall in the north has washed a larger quantity It has been said that in the Andes one can experience all seasons in one day. Winter has the most beautiful climate and temperatures in the valley regions. In most locations, rainfall is heaviest during the Southern Hemisphere summer, and yearly This section is primarily made up of the Cordillera de Apolobamba, Cordillera Real and Cordillera Quimsa Cruz. Without a doubt the most spectacular ranges in Bolivia. It is characterized by being a harsh and almost impenetrable flat land of thick brush, cactus and grassy expanses with some forested areas. It is roughly 900 km (560 mi.) transportation corridor since colonial times. The entire cordillera is of volcanic origin and an extension of the volcanic region found in southern Peru. This is where Sajama (Bolivia’s highest peak at 21,465′) lies near the Chilean border and borders the Altiplano on the west. either the Atlantic Ocean or the Pacific Ocean. higher daily maximums and lower nightly minimums than occur during the rainy season. Central lowland areas have a tropical wet and dry climate. With a surface area of 9,064 km (3,500 sq mi), it is larger than Puerto Rico and is South America's second largest lake by surface area. The Yungas and Chapare: The Yungas and Chapare regions are the eastern side of the Andes that are between the high Andes mountains and the upper Amazon basin. The land is among the most fertile in Bolivia, but poor transportation has hindered its agricultural development. Villamontes is the only large town, situated on the railway and said to be Bolivia’s hottest spot, regularly in high 40s (C) /105-113 (F). A harsh but beautiful land. The Tropical Lowlands: These regions, which make up most of the Bolivian territory are composed of the upper Amazon basin in the north and northeast regions and the Parana basin in the east and south-east region. All of this region offers hot and humid climate with rain possible anytime of the year. The largest of these is the Uyuni Saltpan, which covers over 9,000 square kilometers. In the dry season, the lake bed can be traversed by heavy trucks. Bolivia is made up primarily of six regions: The Andes, the Altiplano, the Yungas, the highland valleys, the Gran Chaco, and the tropical lowlands of the Parana and Amazon basins. converts vast parts of the region to swamp. The Tropical Lowlands: This region is made up of two major basins the Upper Amazon in the north and east and the Parana in the south-east. Bolivia’s second branch of government, the legislative branch, is the national congress which has a chamber with deputies and a chamber with senators. Surazos also affect the Chaco; their approach is usually signaled by Rainfall is heavy, and lush vegetation clings The eastern region and southern region contain dry forests and grasslands. Although comprising over two-thirds of the national territory, the region is sparsely populated and, until recently, has played a minor role in the economy. The wet season is from November to April, the summer time months. thunderstorms, sometimes accompanied by strong winds and hail. Landlocked Bolivia sits astride the Andes in the west-central part of the South American continent. The rainforest ecosystem depends on the seasonal flooding to function normally. wide. The rain-bearing northeast trade winds, blowing across the Amazon Basin, bring significant rainfall amounts. Some of the major cities in Bolivia are the following: Santa Cruz, Cochabamba, Oruro, and Potosi. Regions Map of Bolivia page, view Bolivia political, physical, country maps, satellite images photos and where is Bolivia location in World map. During the wet season (December to March) it will be cold when it rains but can be very pleasant during the day when the sun is out and the nights can be mild. The northeast trade winds bring rain and hot humid conditions only from January through March; the other months are dry with hot days and cool nights. amounts tend to decrease from north to south. Since it’s so inhospitable few people live here and so the abundance of wildlife is varied and abundant. Since Bolivia is located south of the equator, its seasons are reverse of those in the Northern Hemisphere with summer beginning in December and winter beginning in June. Farther north in the Oriente, grass, palm, and swamp savannas … Where Cochabamba and Santa Cruz meet is the elbow of the Andes and it offers a whole range of ecosystems from high mountains and cloud forests to semi-tropical valleys and thick jungles and rivers. In-country flights give easy access to these areas from cities across the country. Several times in the twentieth century, it nearly dried up when rainfall was low or the Desaguadero River silted. It can rain any day of the year in the Yungas and parts of the tropics as well. The eastern slopes of the Cordillera Central descend gradually in a series of complex north-south ranges and hills. in length and about 200 km (125 mi) wide. It runs from north of Lake Titicaca, between the two branches of the Andes, heads south and into northern Argentina and Chile. The salt is more Can’t decide where to go, have other questions? The Chaco Scrub and Plains: In general the Chaco is known as the desert of Bolivia. It is made up of the rolling hills, valleys and basins that are part of the Central Cordillera. A lot of petroleum production also comes from this area. /* worldfacts-geography */ From October through April, northeast trade winds predominate, and the weather is hot, humid, and rainy. Also located in the Altiplano in the southwest is the Salar de Uyuni, or the salt flats. Amboro and Carrasco National Parks are located here. Lake Titicaca drains southward through the slow-moving, reedfilled Desaguadero River to Lake Poopó. Being so harsh and isolated it provides one of the most diverse regions for wildlife (like peccary and jaguar) and flora and birds where they are not afraid of man. The vegetation is sparse and mostly made of tough clumps of grass called ‘ichu’, short and tough Thola bushes and occasional stands of native trees called Quenua. These tropical lowlands have a variety of ecosystems and in general they are hot and humid year round. Bolivia has a constitution and three branches of government: executive, legislative, and judicial. Rich alluvial soils fill the low areas, but erosion has South of 17 south latitude, the range changes character. It is generally flat with some rolling hills and valleys and a few rivers that drain the sparse landscape. followed the removal of vegetation in some places. Seasonal Temperatures: Once again, it depends on where you are in the country. google_ad_client = "pub-3994295485955294"; Bolivia was once twice its size, stretching out to the Pacific Ocean, however Bolivia lost this area when there was a war with Chile in the year 1879. In the middle altitudes (the valley region) temperatures don’t change in extremes like the highlands and lowlands. The third main geographic region of Bolivia is the lowlands plain. Most of Bolivia's important rivers are found in the water-rich northern parts of the lowlands, particularly in the Alto Beni (Upper Beni), where the land is suitable for crops such as coffee and cacao. The temperatures commonly reach 100 ℉ during the rainy season. Shimmering salt lakes, steamy jungle and snowcapped peaks – Bolivia is South American adventure defined. Its geography is as diverse as its climate. Bolivia is made up primarily of six regions: The Andes, the Altiplano, the Yungas, the highland valleys, the Gran Chaco, and the tropical lowlands of the Parana and Amazon basins. Average highs during the day range from 15 C to 20 C, but in the summer tropical sun, temperatures may exceed 27 C. After nightfall, most of Bolivia's petroleum and natural gas reserves. The Andes Mountains, the main mountain range in South America, splits into two ranges in Bolivia: the Cordillera Occidental and Cordillera Oriental. The other branch encompasses the Cordillera Occidental (Western Range) and has many isolated summits made primarily of volcanoes and makes up the western border of the country and heads south and continues into Chile. The soils are fertile and the climate is Mediterranean-like, except that it rains in the summer (just like the rest of Bolivia) as opposed to the winter time. Snowfall is possible at elevations above 2,000 meters, and the permanent snow line is at 4,600 meters. The Andes: Two major branches of the Andes make up Bolivia’s mountain territory. parallel ranges or cordilleras. of debris onto the platform floor. Daytime highs average more than 30 C all year in most locations. Its surrounding countries are Paraguay, Brazil, Peru, Chile, and Argentina. The wet season (the summer time) brings hot temperatures and humid conditions to the tropics and cold and wet conditions to the highlands. At 3,810 meters above sea level, it is the highest navigable body of water in the world. They are rich in flora and fauna and some of Bolivia’s most spectacular parks are located here. In the north lies the vast savannahs, thick jungles and broad rivers of the Beni, Pando and La Paz departments. Lake Titicaca, the 2nd largest lake within South America, is also located in the Altiplano. Because much of the topsoil is underlain by clay hardpan, drainage is poor, and heavy rainfall periodically Roads are few and rugged and no reliable gas or services are readily available. On average, the temperature in the Altiplano is 47℉. this range has an elevation of about 4,000 meters; the southern part is somewhat lower. Santa Cruz (1,712,688) Cochabamba (1,303,907) Oruro (318,022) Bolivia's western half is covered by the Andes, as three meandering high mountain chains dominate the landscape. The Cordillera Occidental is a Rainfall, although scanty everywhere, is greater in the northern half, where the land is covered with scrub vegetation. Very few and isolated settlements are in this region. The valleys, the lowlands, and the Altiplano or High Plateau are Bolivia’s 3 main geographic regions. The eastern lowlands include all of Bolivia north and east of the Andes. Temperatures and rainfall amounts in mountain areas vary considerably. The railroad was abandoned, however, after completion of only 150 The upper reaches are made of cloud forests and the rivers that cascade of the high glaciated summits cut their way through this region and empty into the upper Amazon Basin. The valleys, the lowlands, and the Altiplano or High Plateau are Bolivia’s 3 main geographic regions. google_ad_height = 90; In general it’s a cold weather region because of its geographical location and the weather patterns that affect it. Landlocked and little-visited, it nevertheless beats most of its neighbours with an unrivalled range of landscapes and dramatic high-altitude cities. has been lifted and tilted eastward. The basic weather pattern of Bolivia is the wet and the dry season, which happens at the same time country-wide. Andes and Altiplano: In the highland region, located in the western third of the country, the weather does not change too dramatically from season to season.
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