Later, with Pride Rock restored to its usual state, Rafiki presents Simba and Nala's newborn cub to the assembled animals, continuing the circle of life. Box Office Mojo.  The script also had its title changed from King of the Jungle to The Lion King, as the setting was not the jungle but the savannah. Scar tells the pride that both Mufasa and Simba were killed in the stampede and steps forward as the new king, allowing his three hyena minions and the rest of their large pack to live in the Pride Lands. Retrieved October 24, 2011. Retrieved August 13, 2008. Don Hahn The development of The Lion King coincided with that of Pocahontas, which most of the animators of Walt Disney Feature Animation decided to work on instead, believing it would be the more prestigious and successful of the two.  The Computer Animation Production System helped simulate camera movements such as tracking shots, and was employed in coloring, lighting, and particle effects. Norman, Floyd (2010). Retrieved July 19, 2020. "Spin-Off of The Lion King Aims to Enchant a New Generation of Viewers". "SCREEN SAVERS In a Year of Faulty Epics, The Oddest Little Movies Made The Biggest Impact". Milligan, Mercedes (July 19, 2019). "Will 'Lion King' Be Disney's Next 'Beast'?".  A standalone single-disc DVD release also followed on November 15, 2011. Cast Main article: List of The Lion King characters A promotional image of the characters from the film. Hunter, Stephen (December 25, 1994). Moira Kelly as Nala, Simba's best friend and later his wife and Queen of the Pride Lands. The Los Angeles Times. Milwaukee Sentinel. Good luck with that.' "The 25 All-TIME Best Animated Films – The Lion King". Frank, Laurence D. (May 2006). Russ Edmonds served as the supervising animator for Sarabi. Retrieved December 24, 2011. Shimizu further explained that they rejected urges from some American lawyers to sue because "we're a small, weak company... Disney's lawyers are among the top twenty in the world!  By the end of its original theatrical run, in spring 1995, it had earned $312.9 million, being the second-highest-grossing 1994 film in North America behind Forrest Gump. May 26, 2011.  Yoshihiro Shimizu of Tezuka Productions has refuted rumors that the studio was paid hush money by Disney and stated that they have no interest in suing Disney, explaining that "[w]e think it's a totally different story". Walt Disney World. Retrieved October 22, 2011. Archived from the original on May 14, 2012. "Disney's Great Leap". "Was 'The Lion King' Copied From A Japanese Cartoon? Elliott, David (December 25, 1994). Broadway World. Retrieved May 24, 2015. "In the Round » Making 'Return of the King'". The VHS Deluxe Edition included the film, an exclusive lithograph of Rafiki and Simba (in some editions), a commemorative "Circle of Life" epigraph, six concept art lithographs, another tape with the half-hour TV special The Making of The Lion King, and a certificate of authenticity.  Animation "The Lion King was considered a little movie because we were going to take some risks. Walt Disney Company. Fiamma, Andrea (December 12, 2014). Gleiberman, Owen (June 24, 1994). ISBN 978-0-7440-0198-3. pp. New York Daily News.  Timon and Pumbaa also appeared in Timon & Pumbaa's Jungle Games, a 1995 PC game collection of puzzle games by 7th Level, later ported to the SNES by Tiertex. PR News Wire.  In 1994, Disney earned approximately $1 billion with products based on the film, with $214 million for Lion King toys during Christmas 1994 alone. Howe, Desson (December 30, 1994), "The Envelope Please: Reel Winners and Losers of 1994", The Washington Post, retrieved July 19, 2020 Bates, Mack (January 19, 1995). "The alleged "SEX" frame in The Lion King". The Lion King (Original soundtrack). With the earnings of the 3D run, The Lion King surpassed all the aforementioned films but Toy Story 3 to rank as the second-highest-grossing animated film worldwide—later dropping to ninth, and then tenth, surpassed by its photorealistic CGI remake counterpart—and it remains the highest-grossing hand-drawn animated film. Syracuse Herald American (Final ed.). Archived from the original (PDF) on September 19, 2009. "[self-published source] Most of the leading animators either were doing their first major work supervising a character, or had much interest in animating an animal. Shirey, Eric (September 28, 2011). United States: McFarland. ISBN 9780786486946. "Intervista a Roger Allers, il regista de Il Re Leone". One day, Simba, now a young adult, rescues Timon and Pumbaa from a hungry lioness, who turns out to be Nala. United Press International. Archived from the original on December 10, 2011. Box Office Mojo. Dallas Observer. EW.com.  Roger Ebert gave the film three and a half stars out of a possible four and called it "a superbly drawn animated feature" and wrote in his print review, "The saga of Simba, which in its deeply buried origins owes something to Greek tragedy and certainly to Hamlet, is a learning experience as well as an entertainment. 1995. Susman, Gary (October 13, 2003). Tony Bancroft served as his supervising animator. Scar begs for mercy and attempts to blame the hyenas for his actions; Simba spares his life but orders him to leave the Pride Lands forever. Snopes. "Beyoncé joins cast of Disney's live-action 'Lion King'". Retrieved January 9, 2018. "Disney dates 'Pirates,' 'Muppets' sequels". Gonzalez, Umberto; Verhoeven, Beatrice (August 7, 2017).  It is also the biggest animated movie of the last 50 years in terms of estimated attendance. 165–193. Grant, John (1998). "Lion King Production Notes" (Press release).  James Earl Jones reprised his role in the 2019 remake. Controversies Kimba the White Lion Screenshot from an early presentation reel of The Lion King that shows a white lion cub and a butterfly. Development of The Lion King began in 1988 during a meeting between Jeffrey Katzenberg, Roy E. Disney, and Peter Schneider while promoting Oliver & Company in Europe. Retrieved November 24, 2018. Retrieved December 2, 2019. 164 (2): 28. Standard & Poor's Corporation. British Board of Film Classification. " Some reviewers still had problems with the film's narrative. Here's The Real Story". Sunder, Madhavi (2012). Retrieved April 5, 2014. By 1990, producer Thomas Schumacher, who had just completed The Rescuers Down Under, decided to attach himself to the project "because lions are cool". Rolling Stone.  Later on, Alfre Woodard and John Kani joined the film as Sarabi and Rafiki, respectively. Audiences have been hit with three 3D re-releases in the year since, meaning the novelty value has definitely worn off. This all lead back to how, This is the first time real dust was seen in a Disney movie. DLPGuide. IGN. Burch, Anthony (March 6, 2008). ISBN 978-0-7619-6765-1. Chicago Tribune. Billboard. The main title was developed by Westwood Studios, and published for PC and Amiga computers and the consoles SNES and Sega Mega Drive/Genesis. A Special Collector's Gift Set was also released, containing the DVD set, five exclusive lithographed character portraits (new sketches created and signed by the original character animators), and an introductory book entitled The Journey.  The Diamond Edition topped the Blu-ray charts with over 1.5 million copies sold.  The Lion King was once again released to home media as part of the Walt Disney Signature Collection first released on Digital HD on August 15, 2017, and on Blu-ray and DVD on August 29, 2017. The Milwaukee Journal.  Video games Main article: The Lion King (video game) Along with the film release, three different video games based on The Lion King were released by Virgin Interactive in December 1994. Birlew, Dan (2003). The duo then received their own animated series, The Lion King's Timon & Pumbaa, which ran for three seasons and 85 episodes between 1995 and 1999.  This marks the first time that the film has been released in high-definition Blu-ray and on Blu-ray 3D.  More than two million copies of the Platinum Edition DVD and VHS units were sold on the first day of release. Retrieved September 24, 2006. Eller, Claudia. Disney: The Mouse Betrayed : Greed, Corruption, and Children at Risk. JP's Box Office. Google Translate "Inkosi Ubhubesi / The Lion King Zulu Voice Cast". Happily, for those of us who generally stay far away from 'cartoons', they have succeeded. The Lion King garnered two Academy Awards for its achievement in music and the Golden Globe Award for Best Motion Picture – Musical or Comedy. The plot was centered in a battle being between lions and baboons with Scar being the leader of the baboons, Rafiki being a cheetah, and Timon and Pumbaa being Simba's childhood friends.  Legacy Sequels and spin-offs Main article: The Lion King (franchise) The first Lion King-related animated projects involved the characters of Timon and Pumbaa.  The idea was then developed by Walt Disney Feature Animation's vice president for creative affairs Charlie Fink.  The Lion King inspired two attractions retelling the story of the film at Walt Disney Parks and Resorts.  Jeremy Irons as Scar, Mufasa's younger brother and Simba's uncle, who takes the throne. Don Hahn explained that eight years after The Lion King got its original release, "there was a whole new generation of kids who haven't really seen it, particularly on the big screen."  Home media The Lion King was first released on VHS and laserdisc in the United States on March 3, 1995, under Disney's "Masterpiece Collection" video series. Glickman, Stephen (Fall 1995). Retrieved July 11, 2017. Animator Tom Sito has stated that the letters spell "SFX" (a common abbreviation for "special effects"), not with an "E" instead of the "F", and were intended as an innocent "signature" created by the effects animation team. Hofmeister, Sally (August 13, 1994). Simba (voiced by Matthew Broderick as adult Simba in the films, Jonathan Taylor Thomas as a cub in The Lion King, Matt Weinberg as a cub in The Lion King 1½, Cam Clarke in Timon & Pumbaa, Rob Lowe in The Lion Guard, Donald Glover in the 2019 film, JD McCraryas a cub in the 2019 film) is the son of Mufasa and Sarabi, Scar's nephew, Nala's mate, and Kiara and Kion's father. People said, 'What?  Rowan Atkinson as Zazu, a hornbill who serves as the king's majordomo (or "Mufasa's little stooge", as Shenzi calls him).  Thirteen of these supervising animators, both in California and in Florida, were responsible for establishing the personalities and setting the tone for the film's main characters. ISBN 0-240-52093-9. I mean, Simba. "The Top Movie Songs of All Time" (PDF). The first was sequel The Lion King II: Simba's Pride, released in 1998 on VHS. Retrieved January 14, 2013. FilmMiami. "'Wolf,' 'Lion King' Grab the Movie-Goers". "See Beyoncé's A-List cast in new trailer for her movie Black is King". ISBN 978-0-7440-0526-4. The Disneyization of Society. Box Office Mojo. New York Daily News. Chicago Tribune. "Inkosi Ubhubesi / The Lion King Zulu Voice Cast". Kallay, William (December 2002). Pallotta, Frank (November 2, 2017). P. Means, Sean (January 1, 1995). 167–168. The film and its direct-to-video sequel are the first Disney animated features from the 'Disney Renaissance' era to have absolutely no humans in the movie.
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